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Greeks turn to contraband

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UK Filtrona rebrands to Essentra

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Ireland government backs plain packaging

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Central EU countries criticise TPD

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United States, Universal core tobacco sales flat

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Zimbabwe low early burley auction prices

More than 55,000 kg of burley tobacco auctione...

World Tobacco leaf conference in Istanbul

A conference on leaf issues with experts from ...

NYC tobacco product display ban proposed

New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg said his...

USA government shelves warning label appeal

The federal government will not pursue its leg...

Malawi Tobacco volume may double in 2013

Tobacco volume this year is expected to reach ...

Major smuggling ring before Berlin court

A gang member arrested at one of the largest i...

PMI’s Calantzopoulos to replace Camilleri as CEO

Philip Morris International (PMI) Chief Operat...

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Health risks of smoking

 

Along with the pleasures of smoking there are real risks of serious diseases such as lung cancer, respiratory disease and heart disease, and for many people, smoking is difficult to quit.


Smoking is a cause of various serious and fatal diseases, including lung cancer, emphysema, chronic bronchitis and heart diseases.

Studies:

The health risks of smoking are derived from epidemiology.  Epidemiology is a statistically based science, dealing with risks among large groups of people, rather than with individuals.  Through questionnaires and observations of people, epidemiological studies can identify the incidence of disease in a given group, such as smokers, and compare it with the incidence in another group, such as non-smokers.

Over many years, epidemiological studies have consistently reported a much higher incidence of certain diseases among smokers compared with non-smokers.  The studies also report that the risks are reduced after quitting and that quitting earlier has by far the best effect on reducing risks.

Traditionally, epidemiology has been used to identify associations that point to possible causes of a disease, providing direction for thorough laboratory investigations.  With smoking, the many laboratory investigations over the years have proved more problematic, and science has not to date been able to identify biological mechanisms which can explain with certainty the statistical findings linking smoking and certain diseases, nor has science to date been able to clarify the role of particular smoke constituents in these disease processes.

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